Afrofuturism is a cultural aesthetic, philosophy of science and philosophy of history that explores the developing intersection of African diaspora culture with technology. It was coined by Mark Dery in 1993 and explored in the late 1990s through conversations led by Alondra Nelson. Afrofuturism addresses themes and concerns of the African diaspora through technoculture and speculative fiction, encompassing a range of media and artists with a shared interest in envisioning black futures that stem from Afro-diasporic experiences. While Afrofuturism is most commonly associated with science fiction, it can also encompass other speculative genres such as fantasy, alternate history, and magic realism. Ytasha L. Womack writer of Afrofuturism defines it as, “An intersection of imagination, technology, the future and liberation”. She also follows up with a quote by the curator Ingrid LaFleur who defines it as “a way of imagining possible futures through a black cultural lens.”Dr. Kathy Brown, a professor at UNT College of Visual Arts and Design, paraphrases I.Bennett Capers (2019) work, stating that Afrofuturism is about “forward thinking as well as backward thinking, while having a distressing past, a distressing present, but still looking forward to thriving in the future.” Others have said that the genre is “fluid and malleable,” bringing together technology, African culture, and “other influences.”
Difference Between African Futurism & Afrofuturism
This difference between African Futurism and Afrofuturism is best understood as a natural by-product of the fact that Africans in Africa, and blacks in the diaspora have different life experiences that stem purely from the fact that they exist in different parts of the world.
The main difference between African Futurism and Afrofuturism may stem from the fact that Afrofuturism is an exercise in overcoming Black Diaspora Alienation and Cultural Assimilation in Sci-Fi Cultural Phenomena experienced by Black People in the Western Diaspora as expressed by Ytasha L. Womack In “Afrofuturism: The World of Science. -Black Fi and Fantasy Culture”: afrofuturism.net